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Total population:
15 264 735 habitants (2008)
Human Development Index
Ranking
: 176th out of 177 countries (2007-2008)
Gross national product per capita:
420 $US / habitant (2006)
Population below poverty line:46.4%
GDP Structure: Agriculture 29.7% - Industry 19.4% - Services 50.9%
Life expectancy at birth:
52 years (2007)
Mortality rate under 5 years old (per 1000): 204 (2006)
Adult literacy rate: Total 28.7% - Women 21.6% - Men 36.7%
Population with access to improved water source: 72%
Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) is a mainland Sahelian country in the heart of Western Africa. It has an area of 274,000 km² and a population of 11,535,000, making it is one of the most populated nations in Western Africa. Its capital is Ouagadougou . The only river not affected by the dry season, the Machoun, joins the Nazinon and the Nakambé as the three main rivers that flow through the this landlocked country. Formed on a vast plateau of low altitude and covered with a more or less fertile arboreal savannah, depending on the region, Burkina Faso is inhabited by around sixty different ethnic groups. The geography of these groups does not correspond to the current borders, inherited from a difficult colonial past, and often spill-over into neighboring countries (Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana and the Ivory Coast).

The most widely spoken languages are French (the official language), Morre (an familial language spoken by the ethnic majority group Mossi), Dioula (similar to the bambara language of Mali), Gourmantché, and Foulfouldé.

Religion: Animist (65%), Muslim (25%), Christian (10%)